Surfing’s long-awaited Olympics debut in Japan will showcase its talented athletes and enviable beach lifestyle to an audience of millions, many of whom will be watching the sport for the first time. But typical summer waves at the venue of Tsurigasaki Beach – small, short and lacking in power – have left some competitors and fans wondering about the spectacle and whether using artificial wave pool technology might have been a better bet for the Tokyo Games.
Waves pools, using a variety of mechanical systems to create almost identical and perfect surf on demand, have sprung up around the world in recent years. They now feature on surfing’s professional tour and have introduced the sport to regions far from the coast.
The seven-times world champion Stephanie Gilmore said she liked the idea of a wave pool for the Olympics, where competition will only come around every four years and not everyone will get an equal chance to ride the best waves in their heats. “So, a wave pool made sense that we get the same opportunity as each other and it comes down to your performance on the wave and that’s it,” said the Australian.
Fernando Aguerre, the president of the International Surfing Association, said in 2015 when surfing was invited to apply for the Tokyo Olympics, it was told by organisers the competition must be held in the ocean. “That was OK with us, because at that time, most of the technologies that exist today didn’t exist, so it was in the Stone Age for artificial wave surfing,” he said.
Aguerre explained that researching years of waves and winds suggested Tsurigasaki Beach, also known as Shidashita Beach, would have at least some days of decent surf during the eight-day competition window available during the Olympics. “The place is known for being exposed to the right swells for this time of the year,” he said. “It’s very consistent, it has hosted international competitions, Japanese national competitions, so we are very confident.”
Surfers competing at the Games say they are used to dealing with a range of conditions and are polishing their small-wave skills. “The whole world is going to be watching us, it’s pretty big for the sport and I’m just happy to be part of this,” said Brazil’s two-times world champion Gabriel Medina, a medal favourite. “It’s going to be a tricky one because the waves in Japan, it’s kinda hard – it’s small and funky – so it will be a tricky one. But if you want to be the best, you gotta do everything in any conditions.”
Despite her initial thoughts about holding the Olympic competition in a wave pool, Gilmore said nothing beats the magic of the ocean. “I know Japan has beautiful beaches and they really want to show surfing in its most authentic form,” the 33-year-old said. “Once I thought about it that way, I like the idea of having surfing in the ocean.”
For surfers making it to the 2024 Olympics, a very different challenge awaits. The surfing competition for the Paris Games will be held at Teahupo’o, a beautiful, powerful and terrifyingly shallow reef break on the French island of Tahiti that has hosted some of the most spectacular surf competitions of all time.
“I know in the Olympics we have a lot of amateur surfers coming through and for them to show up at a place like Tahiti and surf Teahupo’o for the first time might be very dangerous,” said Gilmore. “But I think a lot of the surfers will love it, they’ll really enjoy that experience.”